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Nicholas Coops

Nicholas C Coops
Professor, Canadian Research Chair in Remote Sensing
Department of Forest Resources Management

Research Interests:

  • Advanced forest inventory techniques using high spatial resolution optical remote sensing imagery and LIDAR,
  • application of remote sensing imagery to computer visualization,
  • ecosystem and carbon accumulation modeling for biodiversity, production and greenhouse calculations,
  • wildfire, post fire severity and fuel hazard load mapping from real-time remote sensing,
  • detection of damaging agents in forests using spectral forest condition mapping.


Selected publications:

Brouwers, C., van Dongen, R., Matusick, G., Coops, N., Strelein, G., and Hardy, G. (2015). Drought and heat sensitivity across a Mediterranean forest region Forestry (in press)

Coops, N.C., Marcus, J., Costrut, I., Frank, E., Grimm, K., Kellet, R., Mazzi, E., Munro, A., Nesbit, S., Riseman, A., Robinson, J., Schultz, A., and Sipos, Y. (2015). How an entry-level, interdisciplinary, sustainbaility course revealed the benefits and challenges of a university-wide initiative for sustainability eduction International Journal of Sustainability Education (in press)

Powers, R.P., Hermosilla, T., Coops, N.C., and Chen, G. (2015). Remote sensing and object-based techniques for mapping fine-scale industrial disturbances. International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation. 34, 51-57

Lu. Y., Coops, N.C., Bolton, D.K., Wang, T., Wang, G (2015). Comparing Stem Volume Predictions of Coastal Douglas-fir stands in British Columbia using a simple Physiological Model and LiDAR Remote Sensing Annals of Forest Science http://dx.doi.org/10.5849/forsci.13-197

McDowell, N., Coops, N.C., Beck, P., Chambers, J,, et al (2015). How global satellite monitoring improves our knowledge of vegetation disturbances Trends in Plant Science 20(2) 114-123.

Mascorro, V.S., Coops, N.C, Kurz, W.A.,Olguin, M (2015). Attributing Changes In Land Cover Using Independent Disturbance Datasets: A Case Study Of The Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico. Regional Environmental Change. 10.1007/s10113-014-0739-0

Rickbeil, G.J.M., Coops, N.C., Adamczewski, J. (2015). The grazing impacts of four barren ground caribou herds (Rangifer tarandus groenlandicus) on their summer ranges: an application of archived remotely sensed vegetation productivity data. Remote Sensing of Environment (in press)

Holmes, KR, Coops, NC, Nelson, TA, Fontana, FMA Wulder, MA (2015). Indicators of vegetation productivity under a changing climate in British Columbia, Canada APPLIED GEOGRAPHY. Volume: 56 Pages: 135-144

Bolton, D.K., Coops, N.C., and Wulder, M.A. (2015). Characterizing residual structure and forest recovery following high-severity fire in the western boreal of Canada using Landsat time-series and airborne lidar data. Remote Sensing of Environment. doi: 10.1016/j.rse.2015.03.004

Coops, N.C., Waring, R.H., Plowright, A., Lee, J., Dilts, T (2015). Placing limits on the direction and rate of migration of tree species in the Pacific Northwest Region of North America Landscape Ecology (in revew)

Franklin, S., Wulder, M.A, Ahmed, O.S., White, J.C., Hermosilla, T., Coops, N.C. (2015). Large area mapping of annual land cover dynamics using multi-temporal change detection and classification of Landsat time series data Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing (in review)

Hermosilla, T., Wulder, M.A. White. J.C. Coops, N.C., Hobart, G. (2015). Regional detection, characterization, and attribution of annual forest change from 1984 to 2012 using Landsat-derived time-series metrics Remote Sensing of Environment (in review)

Wulder, M.A., Hilker, T., White, J.C., Coops, N.C., White, JA, Masek, J.G., Pflugmacher, D., Crevier, Y (2015). Virtual constellations for global terrestrial monitoring Remote Sensing of Environment (in review)

Andrew, M.E., Wulder, M.A., Nelson, T.A., Coops, N.C. (2015). Spatial data, analysis approaches, and information needs for spatial ecosystem service assessments: A review GIScience and Remote Sensing. 52:3, 344-373, DOI: 10.1080/15481603.2015.1033809

Tompalski, P., Coops N.C., White, J.C., Wulder, M.A. (2015). Augmenting Site Index Estimation with Airborne Laser Scanning Data Forest Science (60) dx.doi.org/10.5849/forsci.14-175

Tompalski, P., Coops, N.C., White, J.C., Wulder, M.A., Pickell, P.D. (2015). Estimating forest site productivity using airborne laser scanning data and Landsat time series Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing (in press)

Chance, C.M., Hermosilla, T, Coops, N.C., Wulder, M.A., White, J.C. (2015). Effect of topographic correction on change detection using spectral trend analysis of Landsat pixel-based composites International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation (in review submitted on April 28, 2015).

White, J.C., Arnett, J.T.T.R., Wulder, M.A., Tompalski, P., Coops, N.C. (2015). Evaluating the impact of leaf-on and leaf-off airborne laser scanning data on the estimation of forest inventory attributes with the area-based approach. Canadian Journal of Forest Research (in review)

Nijland, N., Coops, N.C., Macdonald,S.E., Nielsen, S.E., Bater, C.W., Stadt, J. (2015). Comparing patterns in forest stand structure following variable harvests using airborne laser scanning data Forest Ecology and Management (in press)

Ferster, C., Trofymow, J.A., Coops, N.C., Chen, B., Black, T.A (2015). Comparison of carbon-stock changes, eddy-covariance carbon fluxes and model estimates in coastal Douglas-fir stands in British Columbia Forest Ecosystems 2(13) doi:10.1186/s40663-015-0038-3

Johnson, M.S., Lathuillière,M.J., Tooke, T.R., Coops, N.C (2015). Attenuation of urban agricultural production potential and crop water footprint due to shading from buildings and trees Environmental Research Letters (ERL) 10. 064007.doi:10.1088/1748-9326/10/6/064007

Frazier, R.J., N.C. Coops, and M.A. Wulder. (2015). Boreal Shield Forest Disturbance and Recovery Trends using Landsat Time Series Remote Sensing of Environment. (in review Submitted May 15, 2015).

Nijland, W., Coops, NC., Macdonald. S.E., Nielsen, S.E., Bater, W.C.. White, B., Ogilvie, J., Stadt J. (2015). Remote sensing proxies of productivity and moisture predict forest stand type and recovery rate following experimental harvest Forest Ecology and Management (in review)

Coops, N.,C, Hermolilla, T., Hilker, T., Black, T.A. (2015). Linking stand architecture with canopy reflectance to predict vertical patterns of light-use efficiency Remote Sensing of Environment (in review)

Cao, L., Coops, N.C, Innes, J., Dai, J., She, G., Ruan, H (2015). Tree species classification in subtropical forests using small-footprint full-waveform LiDAR data ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing (in review)

Nijland, W., Bolton, D.K., Coops, N.C., Stenhouse, G (2015). Imaging understorey phenology; Scaling from camera plots to landscapes. Remote Sensing of Environment (in review)

Marcus, J., Coops, N.C., Ellis, S., Robinson, J (2015). Embedding Sustainability Learning Pathways across the University Current Opinion in Sustainability (in press)

Erickson, A., Nitschke, C., Coops, N., Cumming, S., Stenhouse, G (2015). Past-century decline in forest regeneration potential across a latitudinal and elevational gradient in Canada Ecological Modelling (in press)

Coops, N.C (2015). Characterizing Forest Growth and Productivity Using Remotely Sensed Data Current Forestry Reports (in press)

Tompalski, P., Coops, N.C., White, J.C., Wulder, M.A (2015). Enriching ALS-derived area-based estimates of volume through tree-level downscaling Forests (in review)

Mascorro, V., Coops, N.C., Kurz, W.A., Olguin, M (2015). Choice of satellite imagery and attribution of changes to disturbance type strongly affects forest carbon balance estimates Carbon Balance and Management (in review)

Fedrigo, M., Newnham, G., Coops, N.C, Culvenor, D.S., Bolton, D.K., Nitschke, C.R (2015). Quantifying the probability of stand type occurrence across a temperate forest landscape in south-eastern Australia using lidar structural data for classification Remote Sensing of Environment (in review)

Hermosilla, T., Wulder, M. A., White, J. C., Coops, N.C., Hobart, G. (2015). An integrated Landsat time series protocol for change detection and generation of annual gap-free surface reflectance composites Remote Sensing of Environment 158, 220-234

Arnett, J.T.T., N.C. Coops, L.D. Daniels, and R.W. Falls. (2015). Detecting Forest Damage after a Low-Severity Fire using Remote Sensing at Multiple Scales International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation. 35, Part B,. Pages 239–246

Ferster CJ, Coops NC (2015). Estimating Forest Fuels Loading Using Multispectral Remote Sensing and Volunteered Data Collected With Smartphones Digital Earth. DOI:10.1080/17538947.2014.1002865

Cao, L, Coops, N.C., Innes, J., Dai, J., She, G. (2014). Mapping Above- and Below-Ground Biomass Components in Subtropical Forests Using Small-Footprint LiDAR Forests. 5: 1356-1373

Arnett, J., Coops, N.C., Gergel, S., Falls, R., and Baker, R., (2014). Detecting stand replacing disturbance using RapidEye imagery: a Tasseled Cap transformation and modified disturbance index Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing; 40(1): 1-14

Cao, L., Coops, N.C., Hermosilla, T, Innes, J., Dai, J, She, G (2014). Using small-footprint discrete-return and full-waveform airborne LiDAR data to estimate total biomass and biomass components in subtropical forests Remote Sensing 6 (8), 7110-7135

Ferster, C.J., Coops, N.C., Harshaw, H., Kozak, R., Meitner, M (2014). An Exploratory Assessment of a Smartphone Application for Public Participation in Forest Fuels Measurement in the Wildland-Urban Interface Forests 4(4) 1199-1219

Lu, Y., Coops, N.C., Wang, T., Wang, G., (2014). A process-based approach to estimate Chinese Fir (Cunninghamia lanceolata) Distribution and productivity in Southern China under climate change Forests 6(2) 360-379

Wulder, M.A., Coops, N.C (2014). Satellites: Make Earth observations open access. Nature. Comment 513 (7516), 30-31

Pickell, P., Hermosilla, T., Coops, N.C., Masek, J.G., Franks, S, Huang, C. (2014). Monitoring anthropogenic disturbance trends in an industrialized boreal forest with Landsat time series Remote Sensing Letters. 5: 783-792

Chen, B., Zhang, H., Coops, N.C., Fu, D., Worthy, D., Black, TA (2014). Assessing scalar concentration footprint climatology and land surface impacts on tall-tower CO2 concentration measurements in the boreal forest of central Saskatchewan, Canada Theoretical and Applied Climatology. 118: 115 – 132

Jones, T.G., Coops, N.C., Gergel, S.E., Sharma, T (2014). Employing measures of heterogeneity and object-based classification to extrapolate tree species distribution data Diversity 6: 396-414

Pickell, P.D., Gergel, S.E., Coops, N.C., Andison, D.W. (2014). Monitoring forest change in landscapes under-going rapid energy development: challenges and new perspectives Land. 3: 617-638

White, J.C., Wulder, M.A., Hobart, G,W., Luther, J.E., Hermosilla, T., Griffiths, P., Coops, N.C., Hall, R.J., Hostert, P., Dyk, A., Guindon. L. (2014). Pixel-based image compositing for large-area dense time series applications and science Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing Vol. 40, No. 3, pp. 192-212

Tompalski, P., Coops, N.C., White, J.C., and Wulder, M.A. (2014). Simulating the impacts of error in species and height upon stand volume for airborne LiDAR Forest Ecology Management, 327: 167-177

Vartanian, M., Nijland, W., Coops, N.C., Wulder, M.A., and Stenhouse, G. (2014). Assessing the impact of field of view on monitoring understory and overstorey phenology using digital repeat photography. Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing 40(2): 85-91.

Chen, B., Xu, G., Coops, N.C., Ciais, P., Innes, J.L., Wang, G., Myneni, R.B., Wang, T., Krzyzanowski, J., Li, Q., Cao, L., and Liu, Y. (2014). Changes in vegetation photosynthetic activity trends across the Asia-Pacific region over the last three decades Remote Sensing of Environment 144: 28-41

Trofymow, J. A.; Coops, N. C.; Hayhurst, D. (2014). Comparison of remote sensing and ground-based methods for determining residue burn pile wood volumes and biomass CANADIAN JOURNAL OF FOREST RESEARCH. 44: 3 Pages: 182-194

Waring, R., Coops, N.C., Mathys, A., Hilker, T., and Latta, G. (2014). Process-based modeling to assess the effects of recent climatic variation on site productivity and forest function across Western North America Forests 5(3): 518-534

D’Odorico, P., Gonsamon, A., Pinty, B., Gobron, N., Coops, N.C., Mendez, E., and Schaepman, M.E. (2014). Intercomparison of fraction of absorbed photosynthetically active radiation products derived from satellite data over Europe Remote Sensing of Enivronment 142: 141-154

Mathys, A., Coops, N.C. and Waring, R.H. (2014). Soil water availability effects on the distribution of 20 tree species in western North America Forest Ecology and Management 313: 144-152.

Tooke, R.R., Coops, N.C., and Webster, J. (2014). Predicting building ages from LiDAR data with random forests for building energy modeling Energy and Buildings 68: 603-610

Michaud, J.S., Coops, N.C., Andrew, M.E.,Wulder, M.A., Brown, G.D., and Rickbeil, G.J.M. (2014). Estimating moose (Alces alces) occurrence and abundance from remotely derived environmental indicators. Remote Sensing of Environment.152, 190-201

Frazier, R.J., Coops, N.C., Wulder, M.A., and Kennedy, R. (2014). Characterization of aboveground biomass in an unmanaged boreal forest using Landsat temporal segmentation metrics ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing. 92: 137-146

Coops, N.C., Fontana, F., Wulder, M.A (2014). Monitoring National-Scale Indirect Indicators of Biodiversity Using a Long Time-Series of Remotely Sensed Imagery Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing 41(3)1 – 14

Hilker, T., Hall, F.G., Black, T.A., Coops, N.C., Jassal R.S., and Grant, N.F. (2014). Potentials and limitations for estimating daytime ecosystem respiration by combining tower-based remote sensing and carbon flux measurements Remote Sensing of Environment. 150: 44-52

Rickbeil, G.J.M., Coops, N.C., Andrew, M.E., Bolton, D.K., Mahony, N., Nelson, T.A. (2014). Assessing conservation regionalization schemes: employing species data to test and augment the environmental surrogacy approach Diversity and Distributions: 1-12, 10.1111/ddi.12146

Rickbeil, G.J.M., Coops, N.C., Drever, M.C., Nelson, T.A. (2014). Assessing coastal species distribution models through the integration of terrestrial, oceanic, and atmospheric data Journal of Biogeography. 41(8) 1614-1625

Hermosilla, T., Coops, N.C., Ruiz, L.A., Moskal, L.M., (2014). Deriving pseudo-vertical waveforms from small-footprint full-waveform LiDAR data. Remote Sensing Letters 5(4) 332-341

Hermosilla, T., Ruiz, L.A., Kazakova, A.N., Coops, N.C., and Moskal, L.M. (2014). Estimation of forest structure and canopy fuel parameters from small-footprint full-waveform LiDAR data International Journal of Wildland Fire 23(2): 224-233

Nijland, W., de Jong R., de Jong S., Wulder, M.A., Bater, C., Coops, N.C. (2014). Monitoring Plant Condition and Phenology using Infrared Sensitive Consumer Grade Digital Cameras Agriculture and Forest Meteorology. 184: 98-106

Hilker, T., Hall, F.G., Coops, N.C., Collatz, J.G., Black, T.A., Tucker, C.J., Sellers, P.J., Grant, N. (2013). Remote sensing of transpiration and heat fluxes using multi-angle observations Remote Sensing of Environment 137: 31-42

Racine, E.B., Coops, N.C., St-Onge, B., and Begin, J. (2013). Estimating forest stand age from LiDAR-derived predictors and nearest neighbor imputation Forest Science 60: 128-136

Hilker, T., Frazer, G.W., Coops, N.C., Wulder, M.A., van Leeuwen, M. Newnham, G.J., Culvenor, D.S., and Stewart, J.D. (2013). Prediction of wood fiber attributes from LiDAR-derived forest canopy indicators Forest Science 59(2): 231-242 http://dx.doi.org10.5849/forsci.11-074

White, J.C., Wulder, M.A., Vastaranta, M., Coops, N.C., Pitt, D., Woods, M. (2013). The utility of image-based point clouds for forest inventory: a comparison with airborne laser scanning Forests 4(3): 518-536.

Pickell, P.D., Andison, D.W., Coops, N.C. (2013). Characterizations of anthropogenic disturbance patterns in the mixedwood boreal forest of Alberta, Canada Forest Ecology and Management, 304: 243–253.

Bolton, D.K., Coops, N.C., and Wulder, M.A. (2013). Investigating the agreement between global canopy height maps and airborne Lidar derived height estimates over Canada Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing 39(s1): S139-S151

Tooke, R.T., Coops, N.C., Christen, A. (2013). A point obstruction stacking (POSt) approach to wall irradiance modeling across urban environments Building and Environment 60:234-242

Vaccari, S., van Leeuwen, M., Calders, K., Coops, N.C., Herold, M. (2013). Bias in lidar-based canopy gap fraction estimates Remote Sensing Letters 4(4):391-399

Coops, N.C., Morsdorf, F., Schaepman, M.E., Zimmermann, N.E (2013). Characterization of alpine treeline using airborne LiDAR data and physiological modeling Global Change Biology 19(12): 3808-3821

Paul-Limoges, E., Christen, A., Coops, N.C., Black, T.A., Trofymow, J.A. (2013). Estimation of effective aerodynamic roughness of a harvested Douglas-fir forest using airborne LiDAR Remote Sensing of Environment 136 (2013) 225–233

Powers, R.P., Coops, N.C., Nelson, T.A., Wulder, M.A., and Drever, C.R. (2013). Integrating accessibility and intactness into large-area conservation planning in the Canadian boreal Biological Conservation 167: 371-397

Varhola, A., Coops, N.C. (2013). Estimation of watershed-level distributed forest structure metrics relevant to hydrologic modeling using LiDAR and Landsat Journal of Hydrology 487: 70-86 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhydrol.2013.02.032

Sims, N., Culvenor, D.S., Newnham, G., Coops, N.C., Hopmans, P. (2013). Towards the operational use of satellite hyperspectral image data for mapping the nutrient status and fertilizer requirements in Australian plantation forests IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing. 6: 2. pp 320 – 328

Fitterer, J.L., Nelson, T.A., Wulder, M.A., Coops, N.C., and Mahony, N.A. (2013). Exploring the ecological processes driving geographical patterns of breeding bird richness in British Columbia Canada Ecological Applications. 23:888–903. http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/12-1225.1

Tsui, O.W., Coops, N.C., Wulder, M.A., and Marshall, P.L. (2013). Integrating airborne LiDAR and space-borne radar via multivariate kriging to estimate above-ground biomass Remote Sensing of Environment 139: 340-352

Holmes, K.R., Nelson, T.A., Coops, N.C., Wulder, M.A. (2013). Biodiversity indicators show climate change will alter vegetation in parks and protected areas Diversity 5(2): 352-353. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/d5020352

Coops, N.C., Schaepman, M.E., and Mücher, C.A. (2013). What multi-scale environmental drivers can best be discriminated from a remotely-sensed vegetation time series? Landscape Ecology 139: 340-352 DOI 10.1007/s10980-013-9900-2.

Pereira, H.M., Ferrier, S., Walters, M., Geller, G.N., Jongman, R.H.G., Scholes, R.J., Bruford, M.W., Brummit, N., Butchart, S.H.M., Cardoso, A.C., Coops, N.C., Dulloo, E., Faith, D.P., Freyhof, J., Gregory, R.D., Heip, C., Höft, R., Hurtt, G., Jetz, W., Karp, D.S., McGeoch, M.A., Obura, D., Onoda, Y., Pettorelli, N., Reyers, B., Sayre, R., Scharlemann, J.P.W., Stuart, S.N., Turak, E., Walpole, M., Wegmann, M. (2013). Essential biodiversity variables Science 339: 277-278

Nijland, W., Coops, N.C., Coogan, S., Bater, C., Wulder, M.A., Nielsen, S.E., McDermid, G., Stenhouse, G. (2013). Vegetation phenology can be captured with digital repeat photography and linked to variability of root nutrition in Hedysarum alpinum Applied Vegetation Science 16(2): 317-324

Mora, B., Wulder, MA., White, J., Hobart, G., Gougeon, F., Varhola, A., Coops, N.C. (2013). Forest inventory stand height estimates from very high spatial resolution satellite imagery calibrated with LIDAR-plots Int. J. Remote Sens. 34(12). doi: 10.1080/01431161.2013.779041

Bolton, D.K., Coops, N.C., Wulder, M.A. (2013). Measuring forest structure along productivity gradients in the Canadian boreal with small-footprint Lidar Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 185(8): 6617-6634.

Coggins, S.B., Coops, N.C., Hilker, T., Wulder, M.A. (2013). Augmenting forest inventory attributes with geometric optical modelling in support of regional susceptibility assessments to bark beetle infestations International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation 21: 444-452

Jones, T.G., Arcese, P., Sharma, T., Coops, N.C. (2013). Describing avifaunal richness with functional and structural bio-indicators derived from advanced airborne remotely sensed data. International Journal of Remote Sensing 34(8): 2689-2713.

van Leeuwen, M., Coops, N.C., Newnham, G., Hilker, T., Culvenor, D.S., Wulder, MA (2013). Automated reconstruction of tree and canopy structure for modeling the internal canopy radiation regime Remote Sensing of Environment. 136, September 2013, Pages 286–300

Kellett, R., Christen, A., Coops, N., Vander Laan, M., Crawford, B., Tooke, R., Olchovski, I. (2013). A systems approach to carbon cycling and emissions modeling at an urban neighborhood scale Landscape and Urban Planning 110: 48-58

Andrew, M.E., Wulder, M.A., Hobart, G.W., Coops, N.C., Nelson, T.A., Farmer, C.J.Q. (2013). Ecosystem classifications based on summer and winter conditions Environ Monit Assess. 185(4): 3057-79 doi: 10.1007/s10661-012-2773-z

Wulder, M.A., Coops, N.C., Hudak, A.T., Morsdorf, F., Nelson, R., Newnham, G., and Vastaranta, M. (2013). Status and prospects for LiDAR remote sensing of forested ecosystems Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing 39: S1-S5

White, J.C., Wulder, M.A., Varhola, A., Vastaranta, M., Coops, N.C., Cook, B.D., Pitt, D., and Woods, M. (2013). A best practices guide for generating forest inventory attributes from airborn laser scanning data using an area-based approach Forestry Chronicle 89(6): 722-723

Varhola, A., Coops, N.C., Alila, Y., and Weiler, M. (2013). Exploration of remotely-sensed forest structure and ultrasonic range sensor metircs to improve empirical snow models Hydrological Processes, doi:10.1002/hyp.

Varhola, A., and Coops, N.C. (2013). Estimation of watershed-level distributed forest structure metircs relevant to hydrologic modeling using LiDAR and Landsat Journal of Hydrology 487: 70-86

Fester, C.J., Coops, N.C., Harshaw, H.W., Kozak, R.A., and Meitner, M.J. (2013). An exploratory assessment of a smartphone application for public participatin in forest fuels measurement in the wildland-urban interface Forests 4(4): 1199-1219

Chen, B., Coops, N.C., Fu, D., Margolis, H.A., Amiro, B.D., Black, T.A., Arain, M.A., Barr, A.G., Bourque, C.P.A., Flanagan, L.B., Lafleur, P.M., McCaughey, J.H., Wofsy, S.C. (2012). Characterizing spatial representativeness of flux tower eddy-covariance measurements across the Canadian Carbon Program Network using remote sensing and footprint analysis Remote Sensing of Environment 124:742–755

Powers, R.P., N.C. Coops, J.L. Morgan, M.A. Wulder, T.A. Nelson, C.R. Drever and S.G. Cumming (2012). A remote sensing approach to biodiversity assessment and regionalization of the Canadian Boreal Forest Progress in Physical Geography DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0309133312457405

Coops, NC., Wulder, MA., Waring, R.H. (2012). Modelling lodgepole and jack pine vulnerability to mountain pine beetle expansion into the western Canadian boreal forest Forest Ecology and Management 274:161-171

Tsui, O., Coops, N.C., Wulder, M.A., Marshall, P.L., McCardle, A (2012). Using multi-frequency radar and discrete-return LiDAR measurements to estimate above-ground biomass and biomass components in a coastal temperate forest ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing 69:121–133

Chen, G., M. A. Wulder, J. C. White, T. Hilker, and N. C. Coops (2012). Lidar calibration and validation for geometric-optical modeling with Landsat imagery Remote Sensing of Environment 124: 384-393

Hall, F.G., Hilker, T., Coops, N.C. (2012). Data assimilation of photosynthetic light-use efficiency using multi-angular satellite data: I. Model formulation Remote Sensing of Environment 121:301-308

Hilker, T., Hall, F.G., Tucker, C.J., Coops, N.C., Black, T.A., Nichol, C., Sellers, P.J., Barr, A., Hollinger, D.Y., Munger, J.W. (2012). Data assimilation of photosynthetic light-use efficiency using multi-angular satellite data: II. Model implementation and validation Remote Sensing of Environment 121: 287-300

Hember, R.A., Kurz, W.A., Metsaranta, J.M., Black, T.A., Guy, R.D., Coops, N.C. (2012). Accelerating regrowth of temperate-maritime forests due to enivronmental change Global Change Biology 18(6):2026-2040

Andrew, M.E., M.A. Wulder, N.C. Coops (2012). Identification of de facto protected areas in boreal Canada Biological Conservation. 146:97-107. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2011.11.029

Hilker, T, Coops, N.C., Culvenor, D.S, Newnham G., Wulder, M.A., Bater, C.W, Siggins, A. (2012). A simple technique for co-registration of terrestrial LiDAR observations for forestry applications Remote Sensing Letters 3(3):239-247. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01431161.2011.565815

Varhola; A, Frazer; G.W. Teti; P., Coops, NC (2012). Estimation of forest structure metrics relevant to hydrologic modelling using coordinate transformation of airborne scanning laser data Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 16(10):3749-3766

Wulder, M.A., White, J.C., Nelson, R.F., Næsset, E., Ørka, H.O., Coops, N.C., Hilker, T., Bater, C.W., Gobakken, T. (2012). Lidar sampling for large-area forest characterization: A review Remote Sensing of Environment 121:196-209

Hilker, T., Coops, N.C., Newnham, G., v.Leeuwen, M., Wulder, M.A., Stewart, J., Culvenor, D.S. (2012). Comparison of Terrestrial and Airborne LiDAR in Describing Stand Structure of a Thinned lodgepole Pine Forest Journal of Forestry 110(2):97-104

Hilker, T., Lepine, L., Coops, N.C. Jassal, R., Black, T.A. Wulder, M.A., Ollinger, S.V., Tsui, O., Day, M. (2012). Assessing the impact of N-fertilization on biochemical composition and biomass of a Douglas-fir canopy – a remote sensing approach Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 153:124– 133 DOI:10.1016/j.agrformet.2011.03.014

Ferster, C, Coops, N.C (2012). A Review of Earth Observation Using Mobile Personal Communication Devices Computers and Geoscience 51:339-349 doi:10.1016/j.cageo.2012.09.009

Fontana, F.M., Coops, N.C., Khlopenkov, K.V., Trishchenko, A.P., Riffler, M., Wulder, M.A. (2012). Generation of a novel 1 km NDVI data set over Canada, the northern United States, and Greenland based on historical AVHRR data Remote Sensing of Environment 121:171–185

Fitterer, J.L., Nelson, T.A., Coops, NC, Wulder, M.A. (2012). Modelling the ecosystem indicators of British Columbia using Earth observation data and terrain indicies Ecological Indicators. 20:151-162 DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolind.2012.02.024

Michaud, JS, Coops, NC, Andrew, M., Wulder, M.A. (2012). Characterising spatiotemporal environmental and natural variation using a dynamic habitat index throughout the province of Ontario Ecological Indicators 18:301 -311

Wulder, M.A., J.C. White, C.W. Bater, N.C. Coops, C. Hopkinson, and G. Chen. (2012). Lidar plots—a new large-area data collection option: context, concepts, and case study. Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing 38(5):600-618

Wulder, M.A., White, J.C., Coggins, S., Ortlepp, S., N.C. Coops, Heath, J., Mora, B. (2012). Digital high spatial resolution aerial imagery to support forest health monitoring: the mountain pine beetle context Journal of Applied Remote Sensing DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/1.JRS.6.062527

Coops, N.C., Waring, R.H., Hilker, T. (2012). Prediction of Soil Properties using a Process-based Forest Growth Model to Match Satellite-Derived Estimates of Leaf Area Index Remote Sensing of Environment 126:160-173

Wang, Z., Grant, R.F., Arain, M.A., Chen, B.N., Coops, N., Hember, R., Kurz, W.A., Price, D.T., Stinson, G., Trofymow, J.A., Yeluripati, J., Chen, Z. (2011). Evaluating weather effects on interannual variation in net ecosystem productivity of a coastal temperate forest landscape: a model intercomparison Ecological Modelling 222, Issue 17, Pages 3236-3249

Christen, A., Coops, N.C., Crawford, B., Kellett, R., Liss, K., Oke, T.R., Olchovski, I., Tooke, T.R., vanderLaan, M., Voogt, J.A (2011). Validation of modeled carbon-dioxide emissions from and urban neighbourhood with direct eddy-covariance measurements Atmospheric Environment. 45, 6057-6069.

Andrew, M.E., M.A. Wulder, and N.C. Coops (2011). Patterns of protection and threats along productivity gradients in Canada. Biological Conservation . 144: 2891-2901 doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2011.08.006

Hilker ,T., Coops, N.C.,, Hall, F.G., Nichol, C.J. et al (2011). Global Terrestrial Photosynthetic Light-Use Efficiency Can Be Measured from Space Journal of Geophysical Research – Biogeosciences. 116 . G03014

Coggins SB, Coops NC, Wulder MA, Bater CW, Ortlepp SM (2011). Comparing the impacts of mitigation and non-mitigation on mountain pine beetle populations Journal of Environmental Management. 92 (1): 1 112-120 DOI: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2010.08.016

Coops NC, Nilker T, Hall FG, Nichol CJ, Drolet GG (2011). Estimation of Light-use Efficiency of Terrestrial Ecosystem from Space: A Status Report Bioscience 60(10):788-797

Coggins SB, Coops NC, Wulder MA (2011). Estimates of bark beetle infestation expansion factors with adaptive cluster sampling International Journal of Pest Management 57(1):11-21

Martin van Leeuwen, Thomas Hilker, Nicholas C. Coops, Gordon Frazer, Michael A. Wulder, Glenn J. Newnham, Darius S. Culvenor (2011). Assessment of standing wood and fiber quality using ground and airborne laser scanning: A review Forest Ecology and Management. 261 (2011) 1467–1478

Jenkins, R.B., Coops, N.C (2011). Landscape Controls on Structural Variation in Eucalypt Vegetation Communities: Woronora Plateau, Australia Australian Geographer. 42(1) 1 – 16

Chen, B., Coops, N.C., Margolis, H., Amiro, B., Barr, A., Black, A., Arain, N., Bourque, C., Flannigan, L., Lefleur, P., McCaughey, H., Wofsy, S (2011). Assessing eddy-covariance flux tower location bias across the Fluxnet-Canada Research Network based on remote sensing and footprint climatology modelling Agriculture and Forest Meteorology 151: 87-100

Soverel, N.O., Coops, N.C., Perrakis, D.B., Daniels, L., & Gergel, S. (2011). The transferability of a dNBR derived model to predict burn severity across ten wildland fires in Western Canada. International Journal of Wildland Fire. 20: 1 – 14

Andrew, M.E., M.A. Wulder, N.C. Coops (2011). How do butterflies define ecosystems? A comparison of ecological regionalization schemes. Biological Conservation. 144: 5 Pages: 1409-1418

Coops, N.C., Waring, R.H (2011). Estimating Lodgepole Pine (Pinus contorta Dougl.) Distribution in the Pacific Northwest under Climate Change Climatic Change 105 Issue: 1-2 Pages: 313-328. DOI: 10.1007/s10584-010-9861-2

Bater, C.W., Wulder, M.A., Coops, N.C., Nelson, R., Hilker, T. (2011). Stability of sample-based scanning LiDAR-derived vegetation metrics for forest monitoring. IEEE Transactions of Geoscience and Remote Sensing 49(6), 2385-2392.

Hilker, T., Coops, N.C., Culvenor, D.S., Newnham, N., Siggins, A.S., Jupp, D.L.B. (2011). Generation of Digital Elevation Models using terrestrial LiDAR Remote Sensing Letters 3.3 339-347

Andrew, M.E., M.A. Wulder, N.C. Coops, and G. Baillargeon (2011). Beta-diversity gradients of butterflies along productivity axes Global Ecology and Biogeography. 21(3):352-364. DOI: 10.1111/j.1466-8238.2011.00676.x

Coops, N.C., Gaulton, R., Waring, R.H (2011). Mapping site indices for five Pacific Northwest conifers using a physiologically based model Journal of Applied Vegetation Science. 14 (2011) 268–276

Tooke, T.R., Coops, N.C., Voogt, J.A., Meitner, M.J (2011). Tree structure influences on rooftop-received solar radiation Landscape and Urban Planning. 102(2) 73-81

Jones, T. G., Coops, N. C., and T. Sharma. (2011). Exploring the Utility of Hyperspectral Imagery and LiDAR Data for Predicting Quercus garryana Ecosystem Distribution and Aiding in Habitat Restoration . Restoration Ecology. Restoration Ecology. 19 Special Issue: SI Pages: 245-256. doi: 10.1111/j.1526-100X.2010.00684.x

Ferster, Colin J., Trofymow, J.A. Coops, Nicholas C., Chen, Baozhang, Black, T. Andy, Gougeon, François (2011). Determination of carbon stock distributions in the flux footprint of an eddy-covariance tower in a coastal forest in British Columbia Canadian Journal of Forest Research , 41:(7) 1380-1393, 10.1139/x11-055

Wulder, M.A., J.C. White, N.C. Coops (2011). Fragmentation regimes of Canada’s forests. Canadian Geographer. DOI: 10.1111/j.1541-0064.2010.00335.x

Gaulton, R., Hilker, T., Wulder, M.A., Coops, N.C., Stenhouse, G. (2011). Characterising Stand Replacing Disturbance In Western Alberta Grizzly Bear Habitat, Using A Satellite-Derived High Temporal And Spatial Resolution Change Sequence. Forest Ecology and Management 261(4): 865-877

Bater, C.W., Coops, N.C., Wulder, M.A., Nielsen, S., McDermid, G, Stenhouse, G. (2011). Design And Installation Of A Phenological Camera Network Across An Elevation Gradient For Habitat Assessment Instrumentation Science & Technology, 39(231-247).

Coops, N.C., Michaud, J.S., Wulder, M.A., Andrew, M.E. (2011). Comparison Of A Regional-Level Habitat Index derived From Meris And Modis Estimates Of Canopy Light Absorbance Remote Sensing Letters 2(4) 327-336

Bater, C.W., Coops, N.C., Wulder, M.A., Nielsen, S., Hilker, T., McDermid, Stenhouse, G. (2011). Using digital time-lapse cameras to monitor species-specific understorey and overstorey phenology in support of wildlife habitat assessment Environ Monit Assess. Vol. 180, pp. 1-13. (DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10661-010-1768-x ).

Coops, N.C., Waring, R.H (2011). Estimating the vulnerability of fifteen tree species under changing climate in Northwest North America Ecological Modelling. 222(13) 2119-2129

Coops, N.C., Waring, R.H., Beier, C., Roy-Jauvin, R., Wang, T (2011). Modeling the occurrence of 15 coniferous tree species throughout the Pacific Northwest of North America using a hybrid approach of a generic process-based growth model and decision tree analysis Journal of Applied Vegetation Science. 14(3) 402-414

Waring, R.H, Coops, N.C., Running, S.W. (2011). Predicting satellite-derived patterns of large-scale disturbances in forests of the Pacific Northwest Region in response to recent climatic variation Remote Sensing the Environment. 115 (12), 3554-3566

Hall, F.G, Hilker, T., Coops, N.C (2011). PHOTOSYNSAT, Photosynthesis from space: Theoretical foundations of a satellite concept and validation from tower and spaceborne data Remote Sensing of Environment, 115(8), 1918-1925.

Hilker T., Gitelson, A., Coops, N.C., Hall, F.G., Black, T.A (2011). Tracking plant physiological properties from multi-angular tower-based remote sensing Oecologia. 165, Number 4, 865-876, DOI: 10.1007/s00442-010-1901-0

Coops, N.C., Hilker, T., Bater, C.W., Wulder, M.A., Nielsen, S.E., McDermid, D., Stenhouse, G. (2011). Linking ground-based to satellite-derived phenological metrics in support of habitat assessment Remote Sensing Letters 3(3):191-200

Hilker, T., Coops, N.C.,, Gaulton, R., Wulder, M.A., Cranson, J., Stenhouse, G (2011). Automated bi-weekly disturbance capture and attribution: A case study in western Alberta grizzly bear habitat J. Appl. Remote Sens. 5, 053568, DOI:10.1117/1.3664342

Jones, T.G., Coops, N.C., Sharma, T (2011). Assessing the utility of LiDAR to differentiate among vegetation structural classes Remote Sensing Letters 3:3 231-238

Chen, B., Coops, N.C., Black, TA., Jassel, R., Chen, J., Johnson,M (2010). Modeling to discern nitrogen fertilization impacts on carbon sequestration in a 5 Pacific Northwest Douglas-fir forest in the first-post fertilization year Global Change Biology. 17(3): 1442-1460 doi:10.1111/j.1365-2486.2010.02298.x

Hember RA, Coops NC, Black TA, RD Guy (2010). Simulating gross primary production across a chronosequence of coastal Douglas-fir forest stands with a production efficiency model Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 150: 238-253

Hilker, T., Nesic, Z., Coops, N.C., Lessard, D. (2010) (2010). A new automated multi-angular radiometer instrument for tower based observations of canopy reflectance (Amspec II) Instrumentation Science and Technology. 38: 5, 319 — 340

Chen, B.Z., Coops, N.C. (2010). Understanding of Coupled Terrestrial Carbon, Nitrogen and Water Dynamics-An Overview Sensors. 9: 8624-8657

Coops, N.C., Hilker, T., Hall, F., Nichol, C., Drolet, G. (2010). Estimation of Light-Use Efficiency from Space: A Status Report Bioscience 60: 788-797

Varhola, A., Wawerla, J., Weiler, M., Coops, N.C., Bewley, D., Alila, Y. (2010). A New Low-Cost, Stand-Alone Sensor System for Snow Monitoring Journal of Atmospheric and Ocean Technology. 27: 1974-1978 DOI: 10.1175/2010JTECHA1508.1

Soverel, N.O., Parrakis, D.B., Coops, N.C. (2010). Estimating burn severity from Landsat dNBR and RdNBR indices across Western Canada Remote Sensing of Environment. 114: 1896-1909

Jones, T.G., Coops, N.C., Sharma, T. (2010). Assessing the utility of airborne hyperspectral and LiDAR data for species distribution mapping in the coastal Pacific Northwest Remote Sensing of Environment. 114: 2841-2852

van Leeuwen, M., Coops, N.C., Wulder, MA (2010). Canopy Surface Reconstruction from a LiDAR point cloud Using Hough Transform Remote Sensing Letters, 1 :125 – 132

Hilker, T., M. van Leeuwen, N.C. Coops, M.A. Wulder, G. Newnham, D.S. Culvenor, D.L.B. Jupp (2010). Comparing canopy metrics derived from terrestrial and airborne laser scanning in a Douglas-fir dominated forest stand. Trees: Structure and Function. 24:819–832. DOI 10.1007/s00468-010-0452-7

Coggins, S.B., N.C. Coops, M.A. Wulder (2010). Estimates of mountain pine beetle infestation expansion factors with adaptive cluster sampling Journal of Pest Management 57: 11-21

Coops, N.C., Duffe. J, Koot, C. (2010). Assessing the Utility of LiDAR Remote Sensing Technology to Identify Mule Deer Winter Habitat. Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing. 35: 509-522

White, J.C., C. Gómez, M.A. Wulder, N.C. Coops (2010). Characterizing temperate forest structural and spectral diversity with Hyperion EO-1 data. Remote Sensing of Environment. 114: 1576-1589

Wulder, M.A., J.C. White, G. Stinson, T. Hilker; W. Kurz, N.C. Coops, B. St-Onge, and J.A.T. Trofymow, (2010). Implications of differing input data sources and approaches upon forest carbon stock estimation, Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 166: 543-561.

Wulder, M.A., S.M. Ortlepp, J.C. White, T. Nelson, N.C. Coops (2010). A provincial and regional assessment of the mountain pine beetle epidemic in British Columbia: 1999-2008 Journal of Environmental Informatics. 15(1) 1-13

Tooke, T.R., Klinkenberg, B., Coops, N.C. (2010). A geographic approach to identifying green-space-related environmental justice in Canadian cities. Environment and Planning B. 37 (6): 1040-1056 doi:10.1068/b36044

Coggins, S., Coops, N.C., Wulder, M.A. (2010). Cluster sampling to characterize mountain pine beetle populations Silvifenica. 44(23). 289-391.

Coops, N.C., Gillanders, S., Wulder, M.A., Gergel, S.E., Nelson, T., Goodwin, N.R (2010). Evaluation of forest fragmentation and loss of connectivity using multitemporal Landsat imagery: quantifying natural and anthropogenic disturbance Forest Ecology and Management. 259:2355-2365

Bater, C.W., Wulder, M.A., White, J.C., and Coops N.C (2010). Integration of LIDAR and digital aerial imagery for detailed estimates of lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta) volume killed by mountain pine beetle (Dendroctonus ponderosae). Journal of Forestry. 108: 111-119.

Dalponte, M., Coops, N.C., Bruzzone, L., Gianelle, D. (2010). Analysis on the use of multiple returns LiDAR data for the estimation of tree stems volume. IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Earth Observations and Remote Sensing 2: 310-318

Coops, N.C., Hember, R.A., Waring, R.H. (2010). Assessing the impact of current and projected climates on Douglas-Fir productivity in British Columbia, Canada Canadian Journal of Forest Research 40: 511-524

Coops, N.C., Wulder, M.A. (2010). Estimating the reduction in gross primary production due to mountain pine beetle infestation using satellite observations International Journal of Remote Sensing. . Vol. 31, No. 8, pp. 2129-2138

Varhola, A., Teti P, Boon, S., Coops, N.C., Weiler, M., Bater, CW (2010). The influence of ground and LiDAR-derived forest structure metrics on snow accumulation and ablation in disturbed forests Canadian Journal of Forest Research 40(4) 812-821.

Waring, R.H., Coops, N..C., Landsberg, J.J (2010). Improving predictions of forest growth using the 3-PGS model with observations made by remote sensing Forest Ecology and Management. 259, 1722:1729.

Jones, T.G., Coops, N.C., Sharma, T. (2010). Employing ground-based spectroscopy for tree-species differentiation in the Gulf Islands National Park Reserve International Journal of Remote Sensing 31: 1121 – 1127

Goodwin, N.R., Magnussen, S, Coops, N.C. and Wulder, M.A. (2010). Curve fitting of time series Landsat imagery for characterizing a mountain pine beetle infestation disturbance. International Journal of Remote Sensing 31(12), 3263–3271.

Soverel, N., N.C. Coops, J.C. White, and M.A. Wulder. (2010). Characterizing the forest fragmentation of Canada’s national parks Environmental Monitoring and Assessment. 164:481–499.

Hilker, T., Hall, F., Coops, N.C., Lyapustin, A., Wang, Y., Nesic, Z., Grant, N., Black, T.A. Wulder, MA., Kljun, N., Hopkinson, C., Chaser, L (2010). Remote sensing of photosynthetic light-use efficiency across two forested biomes: Spatial scaling. Remote Sensing of Environment. 114: 2863-2874

Varhola A, Coops NC, Weiler M, Moore RD (2010). Forest canopy effects on snow accumulation and ablation: An integrative review of empirical results Journal of Hydrology 392(3-4):219-233

Hilker, T., Nesic, Z., , Coops, NC and . and Lessard, D ( (2010). A new automated Multi-angular radiometer instrument for tower-based observations for canopy reflectance (AMSPEC_II). Instrumentation Science & Technology, 38: 5, 319 — 340

Zhang Y, Wang JF, Coops NC (2010). Recent developments in methodology and applications of urban remote sensing Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing 36:III-V

Tsui, O.W., Coops, N.C., Wulder, M.A., Marshall, P.L., McCardle, A. (2010). Using multi-frequency radar and discrete-return LiDAR measurements to estimate above-ground biomass and biomass components in a coastal temperate forest. ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing 69:121-133

Morgan, J.L., Gergel, S.E., and N.C. Coops (2010). Aerial photography: A rapidly evolving tool for ecological management BioScience 60(1):47-59

Coops, N.C., R.H. Waring, M.A. Wulder, A.M. Pidgeon, and V.C. Radeloff, (2009). Bird diversity: A predictable function of satellite-derived estimates of seasonal variation in canopy light absorbance across the United States. Journal of Biogeography. 36 905-918

Bater, C., Coops, N.C. (2009). Evaluating error associated with lidar-derived DEM interpolation under dense forest canopy Computers in Geoscience. 35: 289-300

Wulder, M.A., J.C. White, D. Grills, T. Nelson, N.C. Coops, and T. Ebata (2009). Aerial overview survey of the mountain pine beetle epidemic in British Columbia: Communication of impacts BC Journal of Ecosystems and Management. 10(1):45–58.

Coops, N.C., Wulder, M.A., Iwanicka, D (2009). Large area monitoring with a satellite-based disturbance index sensitive to annual and seasonal variations Remote Sensing of Environment. 113: 1250-1261

Coops, N.C., Wulder, M.A., Iwanicka, D. (2009). Exploring the relative importance of seasonal variation in production and land cover for satellite derived predictions of breeding bird distributions over Ontario, Canada Remote Sensing of Environment: 113: 668-679

Coops, N.C, Waring, R.H., Schroeder, T (2009). A generic process-based growth model that predicts the presence and absence of tree species on U.S. Forest Service survey plots in the Pacific Northwest, U.S.A. Ecological Modelling. 220: 1776-1796

Chen B., Black A., Coops N.C., Hilker T., Trofymow T., Nesic Z., and Morgenstern K. (2009). Assessing tower flux footprint climatology and scaling between remotely sensed and eddy covariance measurements Boundary Layer Meteorology. 130:137–167.

Chen B., Black A., Coops N.C., Jassal R., Krishnan P., and Z. Nesic (2009). Seasonal controls on interannual variability in carbon dioxide exchange of a Pacific Northwest Douglas-fir forest, 1997 – 2006. Global Change Biology. 15: 8, 1962-1981

Goodwin, N.R. Coops, N.C, Tooke, R.T., Christen, A. and Voogt, J.A (2009). Characterising urban surface cover and structure with airborne LiDAR technology. Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing 35:3 297-309

Middleton, EB, Cheng, YB, Hilker, T, Black, TA, Krishnan, P, Coops, NC, Huemmrich, F (2009). Linking Foliage Spectral Responses to Canopy Level Ecosystem Photosynthetic Light Use Efficiency at a Douglas-fir Forest in Canada. Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing. 35(2): 166-188.

Wulder, M.A., J.C. White, Carroll, A.L., Coops, N.C. (2009). Challenges for the operational detection of mountain pine beetle green attack with remote sensing The Forestry Chronicle. 85: 32-38

Tooke, R., Coops. N.C, Goodwin, N.R., Voogt, J.A (2009). The Influence of Vegetation Characteristics on Spectral Mixture Analysis in an Urban Environment. Remote Sensing of Environment. 113, 398-407

Hilker, T., Coops, N.C., Coggins, S., Wulder, M.A., Brown, M., Black, T.A., Nesic, Z., & Lessard, D. (2009). On the detection of foliage conditions and disturbance from multi-angular high spectral resolution remote sensing. Remote Sensing of Environment. 113, 421-434

Coops, N.C., Wulder, M.A., Iwanicka, D. (2009). Development of A Satellite-Based Methodology To Monitor Habitat at a Continental-Scale Ecological Indicators: 9: 948-958.

Coops, N.C., Wulder, M.A., Iwanicka, D. (2009). An Environmental Domain Classification of Canada using Earth Observation data for Biodiversity Assessment Ecological Infomatics. 4: 8-22.

Coops, N.C., Ferster, C.J., Waring, R.H., Nightingale, J (2009). Three Model Comparison Of Predicted Gross Primary Production Across And Within Forested Portions Of 84 Ecoregions In The Contiguous United States. Remote Sensing of Environment: 113: 680-690.

Wulder, M.A., J.C. White, M.E. Andrew, N.E. Seitz, and N.C. Coops. (2009). Forest fragmentation, structure, and age characteristics as a legacy of forest management. Forest Ecology and Management.Vol. 258, No. 9, pp. 1938-1949

Coops, N.C., Varhola, A., Bater, C.W., Teti, P., Boon, S., Goodwin, N.R., Weiler, M (2009). Assessing Differences in Tree and Stand Structure Following Beetle Infestation using LiDAR Data. Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing. 35:6 497-508.

Schroeder, T.A., Hamann, A., Coops, N.C., Wang, T (2009). Occurrence and dominance of six Pacific Northwest conifer species Journal of Vegetation Science DOI:

Schroeder, T.A., Hember, R., Coops, N.C., Liang, S (2009). Validation of incoming shortwave solar radiation surfaces for use in forest productivity models Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology. 48: 2331-2458

Hilker, T., Lyapustin, A., Hall, F.G., Wang, Y., Coops, N.C., Drolet, G., & Black, T.A. (2009). Modeling the atmospheric and directional impacts on PRI reflectance. Remote Sensing the Environment. 113: 2463-2475

Bater, C.W., Coops, N.C., Gergel, S.E., LeMay, V.M. and Collins, D. (2009). Estimation of standing dead tree class distributions in northwest coastal forests using lidar remote sensing NRC Press Canadian Journal of Forest Research 38: 6, 1080-1091.

Coops, N.C., Waring, R.H., Wulder, M.A., White, J.A. (2009). Prediction and assessment of bark beetle-induced mortality of lodgepole pine using estimates of stand vigor derived from remotely sensed data Remote Sensing of Environment. 113: 1058-1066

Ferster, C., Coops, N.C., Trofymow, T.A (2009). Aboveground Biomass Estimation in a Coastal Forest in British Columbia using Individual Tree Detection from LiDAR Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing 35: 3 270-275

Hilker, T., Wulder, M.A., Coops, N.C., Linke, J., McDermid, G., Masek, J., Gao, F., & White, J.C. (2009). A new data fusion model for high spatial- and temporal- resolution mapping of forest disturbance based on Landsat and MODIS Remote Sensing of Environment. 113: 1613-1627

Coops, N.C., Hember, R. (2009). Physiologically-Derived Predictions of Douglas-fir Site Index in British Columbia. The Forestry Chronicle 85:5 733-744

Wulder, M.A., S.M. Ortlepp, J.C. White, N.C. Coops, and S.B. Coggins (2009). Monitoring the impacts of mountain pine beetle mitigation Forest Ecology and Management 258, 1181–1187.

Cheng, Y-B., Middleton, E.B., Hilker, T., Coops, N.C., Black, T.A., Krishnan, P. (2009). Dynamics of spectral bio-indicators and their correlations with light use efficiency using directional observations at a Douglas-fir forest Measurement Science and Technology. 20 95-107.

Wulder, M.A., B.P. Stewart, M.E. Andrew, M. Smulders, T. Nelson, N.C. Coops, and G.B. Stenhouse (2009). Remote sensing derived edge location, magnitude, and class transitions for ecological studies. Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing. 35(6) 509-522

Smith, A., Wynne, R., Coops, N.C (2008). Remote characterization of vegetation structure and productivity: plant to landscape scales Introduction Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing, 34 S2: 3-6

Gillanders, S.N., Coops, N.C., Wulder, M.A., Gergel, S.E., Nelson, T. (2008). Multitemporal remote sensing of landscape dynamics and pattern change: Describing natural and anthropogenic trends. Progress in Physical Geography: 32(5) 503-528.

Wulder, M.A., S.M. Ortlepp, J.C. White, and N.C. Coops (2008). Impact of sun-surface-sensor geometry upon multi-temporal high spatial resolution satellite imagery. Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing: 34(5) 455-461

Coggins, S.B., M.A. Wulder, N.C. Coops, White, J.C. (2008). Linking survey detection accuracy with ability to mitigate populations of mountain pine beetle. The Forestry Chronicle: 84(6) 900-909.

Wulder, M.A., J.C. White, T. Han, N.C. Coops, J.A. Cardille, T. Holland, and D. Grills (2008). Monitoring Canada’s forests – Part 2: National forest fragmentation and pattern Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing. 34: 563-584

Hilker, T., N.C. Coops, M.A. Wulder, T.A. Black, and R.D. Guy. (2008). The use of remote sensing in light use efficiency based models of gross primary production: A review of current status and future requirements Science of the Total Environment. 404, 411-423

Goodwin, N.R., Coops, N.C., Wulder, M.A., Gillanders, S., Schroeder, T.A., Nelson, T (2008). Estimation of Insect Infestation Dynamics using Spectral Trajectories Derived from a Landsat Time Series Remote Sensing of Environment. 112: 3680-3689

Coggins, S., Coops, N.C., Wulder, M.A (2008). Parameterisation of insect infestation spread models using tree structure and spatial characteristics derived from high-spatial resolution digital aerial imagery Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing. 34: 485-502.

Wulder, M.A., S.M. Ortlepp, J.C. White, N.C. White, N.C. Coops, and S.B. Coggins (2008). Monitoring tree-level insect population dynamics with multi-scale and multi-source remote sensing. Journal of Spatial Science. 53:49-61.

Wulder, M.A., C.W. Bater, N.C. Coops, T. Hilker, J.C. White (2008). The role of lidar in sustainable forest management The Forestry Chronicle.. 84(6) 807-826

Thompson, S.D., Gergel, S.E. and N.C. Coops (2008). Classification of Late seral Coastal Temperate Rainforests with High Spatial Resolution QuickBird Imagery Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing: 34(S2): 460-470

Coops, N.C., Wulder, M.A., Duro, D.C., Han, T., Berry, S. (2008). The development of a Canadian dynamic habitat index using multi-temporal satellite estimates of canopy light absorbance Ecological Indicators. 8: 754-766.

Hilker, T, Coops, N.C., Schwalm, C.R., Jassal, R., Black, A., Krishnan, P. (2008). Effects of mutual shading of tree crowns on prediction of photosynthetic light use efficiency in a Coastal Douglas-fir forest Tree Physiology. 28: 825-834

Nightingale, J.M., Fan, W., Coops, N.C. and Waring, R.H. (2008). Predicting tree diversity across the USA as a function of modeled gross primary production Ecological Applications: 18: 93-108

Coops, N.C., Timko, J.A., Wulder, M.A., White, J.C (2008). Investigating the effectiveness of mountain pine beetle mitigation strategies. International Journal of Pest Management 54: 151-165

Gillanders, S., Coops, N.C., Goodwin, N., Wulder, M.A (2008). Application Of Landsat Satellite Imagery To Monitor Land Cover Changes At The Athabasca Oil Sands, Alberta, Canada Canadian Geographer: 52:4 466-485.

Hilker, T., Coops, N.C., Hall, F.G., Wulder, M. Black, T.A. (2008). Separating physiologically and directionally induced changes in canopy reflectance using BRDF models Remote Sensing of Environment. 112: 2777-2788

Wulder, M.A., J.C. White, N.C. Coops, and C. Butson. (2008). Multi-temporal analysis of high spatial resolution imagery: Issues, investigation, and application. Remote Sensing of Environment. 112: 2729-2740.

Hall, F.G., Hilker, T., Coops, N.C., Lyapustin, A., Huemmrich, K.F., Middleton, E.M., Drolet, G.G., Margolis, H.A., Black, T.A. (2008). Can Light-Saturated Reductions in Canopy Photosynthetic Capacity Be Observed From Space? Remote Sensing of Environment. 112.2777-2788

LeMay, V., J. Maedel, and N. C Coops. (2008). Estimating stand structural details using variable-space nearest neighbour analyses to link ground data, forest cover maps, and landsat imagery. Elsevier Remote Sensing of Environment. 118: 2578-2591

Hilker, T., Coops, N.C., Hall, F.G., Black, T.A., Chen, B., Krishnan, P.,Wulder, M.A., Sellers, P.J., Middleton, E.M., Huemmrich, K.F (2008). A modeling approach for upscaling gross ecosystem production to the landscape scale using remote sensing data Journal of Geophysical Research – Biogeosciences. 113, G03006, doi:10.1029/2007JG000666.

Hilker, T., Wulder, M., Coops, N.C (2008). Methods to extract and update forest inventory information using airborne LiDAR and high spatial resolution satellite imagery Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing. 34: 5-12.

Wulder, M.A., S. Magnussen, D. Harding, N.C. Coops, P. Boudewyn, and D. Seemann (2008). Stability of surface LIDAR height estimates on a point and polygon basis Journal of Forest Planning: 13: 279-286.

Nightingale, J.M., Coops, N.C., Waring, R.H., Hargrove, H.H. (2007). Comparison of MODIS Gross Primary Production Estimates for U.S. Forests With Those Generated by 3-PGS, a Model That Accounts for Spatial Variation in Soil Properties Remote Sensing of Environment. 109(4): 500-509

Coops, N.C., Coggins, S.B., Kurz, W.A. (2007). Mapping The Environmental Limitations To Growth Of Coastal Douglas-Fir Stands On Vancouver Island, British Columbia. Tree Physiology. 27: 805-815

Coops, N., Hilker, T., Wulder, M., St-Onge, B., Siggins, A , Newhnam, G Trofymow, J.A. (2007). Estimating Canopy Structure of Douglas-fir forest stands from discrete-return LIDAR Trees: Structure and Function. 21(3) 295-310.

White, J.C., Coops, N.C, Hilker, T., Wulder, M.A (2007). Use of foliage moisture indices derived from Hyperion satellite imagery to estimate mountain pine beetle red attack. International Journal of Remote Sensing: 28: 2111-2121.

Johansen, K., N.C. Coops, S.E. Gergel, Y. Stange. (2007). Application of high spatial resolution satellite imagery for riparian and forest ecosystem classification. Remote Sensing of Environment 110(1): 29-44

Gergel, S.E., Y. Stange, N.C. Coops, C. Bater, K. Johansen, and K.R. Kirby. (2007). What is the value of a good map? An example using high spatial resolution imagery to aid riparian restoration. Ecosystems 10: 688-702

Coops, N.C., Black, A , Jassal, R.S., Trofymow, J.A. and Morgenstern, K. (2007). Comparison of MODIS, Eddy Covariance Determined and Physiologically Modelled Gross Primary Production (GPP) in a Douglas-fir Forest Stand. Remote Sensing of Environment. 107(3) 385-401.

Coops, N.C., Jassal, R.S., Leuning, R., Black A.. and Morgenstern, K (2007). Incorporation of a Soil Water Modifier in MODIS Satellite Data Predictions of Gross Primary Productivity. Agricuture and Forest Meteorology. 147: 99-109.

Hilker, T., Coops, N.C., Nesic, Z., Black, A and Wulder, M. (2007). An instrument for year round measurements of fast response physiological processes from spectral reflectance. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture 56: 72-84.

Han, T., M.A. Wulder, J.C. White, N.C. Coops, M.F. Alvarez, and C. Butson, (2007). An efficient protocol to process Landsat images for change detection with Tasselled Cap Transformation IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters. Vol. 4, No. 1, pp. 147-151.

Sims, N., Stone, C., Coops, N.C., Ryan, P. (2007). A decision tree modelling strategy for assessing the health of Pinus radiata using remote sensing imagery. New Zealand Journal of Forest Research. 37(1) 57-80.

Wulder, MA, White, J.C., Coops, N.C., Nelson, T., Boots, B. (2007). Using local spatial autocorrelation to compare outputs from a forest growth model Ecological Modelling. 209: 264-276.

Wulder, M.A. C.W. Bater, N.C. Coops, Y. Hirata, and T. Sweda, (2007). Advances in laser remote sensing of forests Nova Science Publishers in Larson B.A (ed) “Sustainable Development” by Nova Science Publishers, Inc. pp. 223-234.

Duro, D., Coops, N.C., Wulder, M.A., Han, T (2007). Development Of A Large Area Biodiversity Monitoring System Driven By Remote Sensing. Progress in Physical Geography. 31:3, 235-261.

Coops, N.C., Duro, D., Wulder, M.A., Han, T (2007). Predicting Afternoon MODIS Land Surface Temperatures (LST) based on Morning MODIS Overpass, Location, And Elevation Information For Canada International Journal of Remote Sensing 28: pp 2391-2396.

Goodwin, N., Coops, N.C., Culvenor, D.C. (2007). Development of a simulation model to predict LiDAR interception in structurally different forests Remote Sensing of Environment 111:4 481- 492.

White, J.C., Coops, N.C., Hilker, T., Wulder, M.A., Carroll, A.L. (2007). Detecting mountain pine beetle red attack damage with EO-1 Hyperion moisture indices. International Journal of Remote Sensing. 28: 2111-2121.

Coops, N.C., Wulder, M., White, J.C. (2006). Identifying and Describing Forest Disturbance and Spatial Pattern: Data Selection Issues and Methodological Implications In Wulder, M., Franklin, S. Forest Disturbance and Spatial Pattern: Remote Sensing and GIS Approaches. Taylor and Francis. CRC Press. pp. 33- 60.

LeMay, V., J. Maedel, and N. Coops (2006). Estimating stand structure using ground data, forest cover polygons, and landsat imagery Proceedings of the IUFRO 2006 Nearest Neighbors Workshop: Meeting in the Middle, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, August 28 to 30, 2006 [Abstract]

Coops, N., Johnson, M., Wulder, M and J. White, (2006). Assessment of Quickbird high spatial resolution imagery to detect red-attack damage due to mountain pine beetle infestation Remote Sensing of Environment: 103 67 – 80

Waring, R.H., Coops, N.C., Fan, W., Nightingale, J. (2006). MODIS enhanced vegetation index predicts tree species richness across forested ecoregions in the contiguous U.S.A Remote Sensing of Environment: 103: 218-226

Coops, N.C., Goodwin, N., Stone, C. (2006). Predicting Spherophsis sapinea Damage on Pinus radiata stands using CASI-2 Derived Spectral Indices and Spectral Mixture Analysis. Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing. 72(4) 404-417

Coops, N.C., Goodwin, N., Stone, C and Sims, N. (2006). Assessment of Forest Plantation Canopy Condition from High Spatial Resolution Digital Imagery Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing 30: 855-866.

Leuning, R., Hughes, D, Daniel, P., Coops, N.C., Newnham, G (2006). A multi-angle spectrometer for automatic measurement of plant canopy reflectance spectra. Remote Sensing of Environment: 103: 236-245

Hill, M., Held, A., Leuning, R., Coops, N.C., Hughes, D. and Cleugh, H.A. (2006). MODIS spectral signals at flux tower sites: relationships with daytime carbon flux and LUE estimates. Remote Sensing of Environment. 103: 351-368

Coops, N., M. Wulder, and J. White, (2006). Integrating remotely sensed and ancillary data sources to characterize a mountain pine beetle infestation Remote Sensing of Environment. 105: 83-97.

Wulder, M., J. White, B. Bentz, F. Alvarez, and N.C Coops (2006). Estimating the probability of mountain pine beetle red-attack damage, Remote Sensing of Environment. 101: 150-166

Goodwin, N., Coops, N.C., Culvenor, D.C. (2006). Assessment of forest structure with airborne LIDAR and the effects of flying altitude. Remote Sensing of Environment. 103: 140-152.

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